Material lexicon

The innovative polyamide fibre from INVISTA is pleasantly soft and has a unique feel when worn. Tactel is breathable and particularly comfortable against the skin, yet hard-wearing, durable and particularly easy-care.
Teflon coating
Very high-quality external coating from DuPont for woven fabrics, giving resistance to water and dirt. Quite resistant to machine washing and dry cleaning of textile clothing. The protection is enhanced by the application of heat or ironing of the clothing after washing.
See: Impregnators
Material made from polyurethane with very good impact-absorption properties, therefore favoured for the manufacture of protectors. The material becomes more supple under the influence of body warmth.
Blended fabric of polyamide fibre and Kevlar(R). Particularly resistant to tearing and abrasion. Ideal as an inner reinforcement for motorcycle clothing at impact points.
TERRALAN buffalo leather
Buffalo leather is very strong and durable, although it has larger pores than cowhide. Depending on the finish, it is scarcely distinguishable from cowhide.
Leather tanned according to the TFL Cool System reflects the sunlight and therefore remains comfortably cool for longer in sunshine ? this greatly improves wearing comfort! The temperature difference compared with normal leather can be as much as 12°C. In addition, TFL leather is more lightfast and remains attractive for longer. Only use colourless leather-care products, as pigments and dyes can destroy the cooling effect. Spray the TFL leather occasionally with a waterproofing impregnator. If looked after properly, the cooling effect is permanent.
Particularly lightweight hollow fibre from DuPont, with high thermal performance. Keeps body temperature constant, and is therefore also suitable for cooler weather. Effective transport of sweat from the inside to the outside is also provided. The soft, flexible material is very comfortable to wear, particularly when playing sports. The material absorbs virtually no odours, and can be machined-washed.
Thermolite is a microfibre fleece made of polyester. The specially developed, extremely thin Thermolite hollow fibres offer maximum warmth combined with extremely light weight. The increased surface area enables moisture to be quickly wicked away from the skin to the surface of the fabric, where it rapidly evaporates, thus actively assisting thermal regulation. Your skin remains dry and you stay comfortable.
Thermoplastic granulates
Material: thermoplastic, ABS, polycarbonate, polycarbon, Lexan, technopolymer thermoplastic granulates are used in the machine manufacture of helmets using injection moulding techniques. The shells of the helmets are always made in one piece. Unpainted versions are made of coloured granulate. Painted versions have a better appearance, and are also better protected against the environment (and are therefore somewhat more durable). Modern thermoplastics are enhanced by chemical additives so that they do not become brittle so quickly, and are more resistant to UV radiation, petrol fumes and environmental influences. Subsequent painting and decoration with stickers should be avoided, as the paints and adhesives can cause the thermoplastic material to become brittle.
Thermoplastic resin
See: Thermoplastic granulates
Thermoset plastics
Material: fibreglass, AIM (Advanced Integrated Matrix), S.T.R.O.N.G. fibre / P.O.W.E.R. fibre, multi-axial fibres, carbon etc. Thermoset plastics in the form of glass fibre mats, woven and knitted glass fibre are laminated by hand to make helmet shells. They are then hot-pressed/baked to give the shell its final high-strength structure. Because of the extra work required for their manufacture, helmets made from thermosetting polymers are more expensive than models made of thermoplastic materials. They are particularly resistant to impacts and ageing, and withstand solvents, petrol and chemicals. They can be painted later using synthetic resin paints and solvent-free paints ? to be safe, however, the manufacturer's advice should always be obtained! Special combinations of materials are used by manufacturers to develop helmet shells that are particularly resistant to impacts and cracks, and are lightweight. For example, fibreglass is strengthened with Kevlar/Aramid or carbon ("composite", "multifibre" etc.).
Microfibre fleece from 3M. Extremely thin, lightweight fibres which have a large total surface for good protection against the cold. For a given thickness, Thinsulate is almost twice as warm as duck down. It is moisture-repellent and breathable. Often used for making gloves etc.
Top vent
Provides ideal circulation within a motorcycle helmet ? improved helmet climate.
Total Vision
Total Vision is the name of a double coating that protects simultaneously against scratches and (on the inside) against fogging. As in almost all such systems, the coating absorbs moisture that would otherwise precipitate as a fine mist on the visor, impairing your vision.
Two-layer fabrics. The polypropylene weave on the inside conducts moisture from the skin to the outer layer of cotton fabric, which acts like blotting paper to absorb it and then gradually transports it to the outside. Because climate membranes in the outer clothing can only allow a certain quantity of water vapour to pass through, a valuable synergy effect occurs. A comfortable skin climate is thus guaranteed, particularly in hot weather. In combination with a windblocker membrane, the thermal insulation properties are improved even when loose outer clothing is worn (e.g. when working in the open). With the addition of a fleece, Transtex is particularly suitable for cold weather and for protecting sensitive areas (such as the kidneys).
See: Thermoset plastics